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Psoriasis - Rightangled

What is Psoriasis?

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About Psoriasis


The exact cause of psoriasis is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to the immune system. In people with psoriasis, the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy skin cells, leading to an overproduction of skin cells. Several factors may contribute to the development of psoriasis, including:
Genetics: Family history plays a significant role. If a close family member has psoriasis, you may have a higher risk.
Immune System: A malfunction in the immune system can trigger psoriasis. Infections, stress, and certain medications can exacerbate the condition.
Environmental Factors: Exposure to certain environmental factors, such as cold and dry weather, can trigger psoriasis flare-ups.


Diagnosing psoriasis typically involves a physical examination by a healthcare professional, often a dermatologist. The diagnosis is based on the appearance of the skin, nails, and scalp. In some cases, a skin biopsy may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Key characteristics of psoriasis include:
Red Patches: Affected areas of the skin appear red and covered with silvery scales.
Itchiness: Psoriasis is often associated with itching and discomfort.
Nail Changes: Psoriasis can cause changes in the nails, such as pitting or thickening.
Scalp Involvement: In some cases, psoriasis affects the scalp, leading to dandruff-like flakes.
Joint Pain: In cases of psoriatic arthritis, joint pain and swelling are common.


The management of psoriasis typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, topical treatments, phototherapy, and systemic medications, depending on the severity of the condition. Here are some common treatment options:
1. Topical Treatments:
Topical Steroids: These anti-inflammatory creams or ointments can help reduce redness and inflammation.
Vitamin D Analogs: These topical treatments slow down skin cell growth.
Topical Retinoids: These medications derived from vitamin A help to normalize skin cell production.
Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors: These creams or ointments reduce inflammation and immune system reactions.
2. Phototherapy:
UVB Phototherapy: Controlled exposure to UVB light can help slow skin cell growth.
PUVA Therapy: Psoralen combined with UVA light therapy can be an effective treatment.
3. Systemic Medications:
Oral or Injectable Medications: In severe cases, systemic medications that affect the entire immune system may be prescribed.
Biologics: These medications target specific parts of the immune system and can be effective for moderate to severe psoriasis.
4. Lifestyle Changes:
Moisturizing: Regularly applying moisturizers can help relieve dryness and itching.
Avoid Triggers: Identifying and avoiding triggers that worsen psoriasis can help manage the condition.
5. Complementary Therapies:
Aloe Vera: Applying aloe vera gel can soothe skin affected by psoriasis.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Some studies suggest that omega-3 supplements may help reduce inflammation.


While there is no known way to prevent psoriasis, certain lifestyle changes can help manage the condition and reduce the frequency and severity of flare-ups:
Manage Stress: Stress is a common trigger for psoriasis, so finding effective stress management techniques is essential.
Maintain a Healthy Diet: Some individuals find that a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables may help manage their condition.
Avoid Skin Trauma: Protect your skin from injuries and irritations, as they can trigger psoriasis.
Stay Hydrated: Adequate hydration can help prevent skin dryness and itching.

Further Info:


Can psoriasis affect more than just the skin and joints?

Yes, psoriasis is primarily a skin condition, but it can also affect other parts of the body. In some cases, it may lead to complications like psoriatic arthritis, which affects the joints. Additionally, it can impact the nails, causing pitting or thickening, and even lead to eye and cardiovascular issues. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider are important for managing these potential complications.

Are there any natural remedies or dietary changes that can help manage psoriasis?

While there is no cure for psoriasis, some individuals find relief through dietary changes and natural remedies. Eating a balanced diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods, such as fish, fruits, and vegetables, may help. Some people also report improvements with dietary supplements like fish oil or turmeric. However, it's crucial to consult a healthcare provider before making significant dietary changes.

Can psoriasis be triggered by certain lifestyle factors?

Yes, lifestyle factors can trigger or worsen psoriasis flare-ups. Stress, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and certain medications are known triggers. Managing stress, quitting smoking, and reducing alcohol intake can all contribute to better psoriasis management. Be sure to discuss any potential triggers with a healthcare provider.

Is psoriasis contagious, and can it be passed on to others through skin contact?

Psoriasis is not contagious. It is an autoimmune condition and cannot be passed on to others through skin-to-skin contact or any other means. You can have close physical contact with someone who has psoriasis without the risk of contracting the condition. It is safe to shake hands, hug, or touch the affected person's skin.

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